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Armenian Genocide in the news. Recent and noteworthy articles and news.

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  • Armenian Genocide in the news. Recent and noteworthy articles and news.

    MONUMENT TO ARMENIAN GENOCIDE VICTIMS ERECTED IN ROSARIO ARGENTINEAN TOWN

    PanArmenian News Network
    Aug 2 2005

    02.08.2005 03:35

    /PanARMENIAN.Net/ The solemn unveiling ceremony of the monument to
    the Armenian Genocide victims was held July 30 in the Armenian city
    of Rosario, the state committee for organizing events dedicated to
    the 90-th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide told PanARMENIAN.Net
    reporter. Mayor of Rosario Miguel Livsh!ts [edited by Siamanto] its and Armenian Ambassador
    to Argentina Ara Ayvazian took part in the ceremony. On the same
    day they agreed on considering the possibility of trade and economic
    cooperation between one of the Armenian towns and Rosario, which is
    a big port and industrial center.


    http://groong.usc.edu/news/msg119764.html
    Last edited by Siamanto; 08-02-2005, 05:50 PM.
    What if I find someone else when looking for you? My soul shivers as the idea invades my mind.

  • #2
    Monument honors those lost
    By John Ciampa/ Staff Writer

    Chelmsford Independent, MA
    Aug 4 2005

    At the Sts. Vartanantz Armenian Church on Old Westford Road stand
    three granite tablets differing in height, meaning and coloration.
    The triptych lies stark and still, as if the people that it
    represents are actually a million distant echoes cast within the
    stoney silence of memory - voices of the past that long for us to
    heed their stories of pathos and loss.

    This striking memorial, erected to commemorate the 90th
    anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, does not just ask for attention
    - it demands it.

    The monument's layout is distinctive and rich with symbolism in
    order to accurately reflect what happened during the genocide.

    Columns of granite rise up from a round pedestal that is
    encircled by rows of brick. The bricks form a cross that stretches
    from the monument toward the church. Between the arms of the cross
    rests a series of benches - erected for relatives who survived,
    perished and one marked as "unknown," signifying those unaccounted
    for.

    "That bench is very important for me," says former Chelmsford
    High principal George Simonian, a member of Sts. Vartanantz and a
    direct descendent of survivors of the genocide.

    "So many Armenians were simply taken away and there is no record
    of them. I had relatives that were brought out to sea, thrown
    overboard and that was it. Others were just taken from their homes,
    never to be heard from or seen again," he said.

    Simonian says that everything about the monument is deliberate
    and carefully designed. When facing the church in front of the
    monument, the three stones symbolize a family - a man, woman and
    child - entering the church.

    In the late-afternoon sun the monolithic shadows are long and
    dark, emphasizing their presence.

    A pair of granite spires - cast in the likeness of the church's
    gold dome - guide visitors toward the monument along a path that
    extends to the church's front vestibule. Between the spires, the
    horizon drapes a canvas behind the stones that stretch into the
    foothills of southern New Hampshire, where merging shades of blue
    from the mountains and sky provide a hallowed backdrop.

    "We were lucky enough to get have a generous benefactor in William
    Hausrath," says Simonian. He wasn't Armenian, but his wife Agnes
    Manoogian was. He made the donation on her behalf."

    According to Simonian, Hausrath presented the church with the
    funds in April 2004.

    Simonian motions with his hands across the church's property as
    he recalls the careful positioning of the monument.

    "We debated the location," he explains. "When we noticed the
    view from the front of the church overlooking this area, it became
    clear that this would be the spot."

    Also seen from the church are a series intricate carvings that
    adorn each stone.

    According to Sts. Vartanantz parishioner, Jim Magarian, there
    are called Khathckars, which hearken back to the stone crosses that
    have historically been placed in Armenian monasteries.

    "We spared no expense," says Simonian. "The stones are made of
    Barre Gray granite from Vermont, which is the best there is. Local
    builders came in and did a tremendous job. We worked with Luz Granite
    from Lowell, and Mark Donovan from Westford, a former student of
    mine, did the brickwork."

    Dedicated to the men, women and children who lost their lives
    during the genocide, each tablet eulogizes the groups who perished.
    Their inscriptions read in unison: May God Enlighten Their Souls.

    The Armenian Genocide signifies the widespread strife that swept
    across the eastern regions of the Ottoman Empire, primarily from
    1915-1922, in which Armenia sustained massive losses in both
    territory and population.

    One of the oldest civilizations in the world, the former
    Armenian nation stretched over much of the ancient Middle East.
    Today, Armenia occupies only a small area about the size of Maryland,
    just north of Iran.

    Armenians place blame on the Young Turks - a leading faction
    that rose to power within the Ottoman ranks during this period, but
    Simonian says that the seeds to the Genocide were sown well before
    that.

    "Going back to the late-19th century, the Ottomans were growing
    increasingly weary of us. We were an ambitious and upwardly mobile
    people - and the only Christians in the region."

    Throughout the 20th century, scholars and historians have
    discussed the Armenian Genocide in an attempt to place it within its
    proper historical context. Much of Armenia's former lands lie in
    present-day Turkey.

    Turkish authorities continue to deny the genocide, instead
    labeling it as consequence of war (genocide by definition, must
    constitute a planned means of mass extermination). Exacerbating the
    issue is the fact that it occurred during the outbreak of World War
    I, with much of the world distracted by the chaos that was engulfing
    Europe at the time.

    "It's not even about the land," insists Simonian. "We're simply
    looking for some kind of admission. The Germany of today has nothing
    to do with the Nazis, yet that doesn't keep them from acknowledging
    the Holocaust."

    "The Turkish government has consistently made attempts to deny
    any self-incriminating evidence on the subject," says Magarian.
    "There's ample evidence showing how they've suppressed dialogue and
    information within their own country."

    Those who call it a genocide attest that the process by which
    Armenians were killed was clinical and calculated, and not the result
    of a protracted conflict.

    They claim that it began with the murder of Armenian men who
    were serving in the Turkish infantry, followed by the rounding up
    hundreds of Armenian elites in the Turkish capital of Constantinople
    on April 24, 1915, where they were executed.

    "They were scholars, businessmen and politicians, essentially
    our leaders," said Simonian.

    Then, after having annihilated much of the Armenian male
    population, Turkish forces drove the remaining Armenian women and
    children in "death marches" into the depths of what is now Syria,
    where they were left to perish in the desert heat.

    Henry I. Morgenthau was the American Ambassador to
    Constantinople from 1913 to 1916. His memoir, "Ambassador
    Morgenthau's Story," details much of what he witnessed in Armenia.
    Published in 1918, it remains one of the most widely cited American
    accounts of what took place.

    "Whatever crimes the most perverted instincts of the human mind can
    devise, and whatever refinements of persecution and injustice the
    most debased imagination can conceive, became the daily misfortunes
    of this devoted people," wrote Morgenthau.

    Despite Morganthau's words, the U.S. stands among the nations
    that have yet to acknowledge the Genocide, and both the Clinton and
    Bush administrations have abstained from referring to it as such,
    though President Reagan did use the term at one point during his
    tenure.

    "The U.S. position is based on a policy of political interest,"
    claims Magarian. "Armenia is a small nation that holds little
    strategic importance for the U.S., yet Turkey continues to be a key
    Middle Eastern ally that we want to appease."

    The list of nations that have officially acknowledged it
    continues to grow, however, and includes France, Italy, Russia,
    Canada and even the Vatican, among others.

    Regardless of where today's regimes stand, most nations share
    the consensus that Armenia suffered immeasurable losses.

    "Most estimates place total casualties around 1.5 million," says
    Magarian.

    That figure constitutes roughly 60 percent of Armenians who were
    living at the time - a proportion equaling that of the Holocaust.
    Adolf Hitler would come to invoke the plight of the Armenians some 20
    years later when giving orders to round up Jews.

    "Many more were deported or abandoned. My father was one of the
    children who managed to escape," adds Magarian.

    Many others who also escaped now call the U.S. home, and the
    Boston area holds one of the most vibrant Armenian communities in the
    country. The Armenian Library and Museum of America is located in
    Watertown. Inside, visitors can find a wealth of information on
    Armenian history including archived recordings from survivors of the
    Genocide.

    Like the monument that now stands here in town, it is a testament to
    a people who have persevered.


    http://groong.usc.edu/news/msg119893.html
    What if I find someone else when looking for you? My soul shivers as the idea invades my mind.

    Comment


    • #3
      Turkey Under Media Scrutiny For Attacks On U.S. Genocide Resolution

      Turkey Under Media Scrutiny For Attacks On U.S. Genocide Resolution


      Major Story in Vanity Fair, Report by Public Citizen Allege Unethical Conduct by the Turkish Government and its Allies

      by OfficialWire NewsDesk


      WASHINGTON, D.C. -- (OfficialWire) -- 08/05/05 -- A major news magazine and a leading citizens' group this week focused public attention on the unethical conduct of powerful opponents of legislation recognizing the Armenian Genocide, reported the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA).

      Vanity Fair, in its September issue, published a 10-page story on FBI whistleblower Sibel Edmonds, who was fired after "she accused a colleague of covering up illicit activity involving Turkish nationals." According to the article by contributing editor David Rose, Edmonds claims FBI wiretaps reveal that the Turkish government and its allies boasted of bribing - with as much as $500,000 x the Speaker of the House of Representatives as part of an alleged deal to stop consideration of the Armenian Genocide Resolution.

      The article cites accounts by Edmonds regarding FBI wiretaps of the Turkish Embassy and Turkish groups such as the American Turkish Council (ATC) and the Assembly of Turkish American Associations (ATAA), including, "repeated references to Hastert's flip-flop in the fall of 2000, over an issue which remains of intense concern to the Turkish government, the continuing campaign to have Congress designate the killings of Armenians in Turkey between 1915 and 1923 a genocide."

      Rose is careful to point out that "there is no evidence that any payment was ever made to Hastert or his campaign." According to the article, "Hastert's spokesman says the Congressman withdrew the genocide resolution only because of the approach from [President] Clinton, 'and to insinuate anything else just doesn't make any sense.' He adds that Hastert has no affiliation with the ATC or other groups reportedly mentioned in the wiretaps.'" The full article can be read in the September issue of Vanity Fair.

      In a separate development, CongressWatch, an arm of Public Citizen, recently released a 49-page report raising ethical concerns about lobbying by former Members of Congress. The report includes a 12- page case study of the Livingston Group's lobbying efforts for the Turkish Government. The report details the efforts by Livingston Group founder, former House Appropriations Chairman Bob Livingston, to secure a "$1 billion supplemental appropriation for Turkey. . . despite that country's refusal to allow U.S. troops to use its soil as a staging area for the Iraq invasion. He also helped kill an amendment that would have formally recognized the Armenian Genocide that occurred between 1915 and 1923. Turkey has always opposed this recognition." The Livingston Group has received over $9 million in payments from Turkey. To read the entire report.

      "These behind-the-scenes accounts reveal a pattern of patently unethical and possibly even illegal conduct by the Turkish government and its allies in their efforts to oppose the Armenian Genocide Resolution," said Aram Hamparian. "Facing growing bipartisan Congressional support for this legislation, these interests are resorting to increasingly desperate means to avoid the international isolation that Turkey will face following U.S. recognition of the Armenian Genocide."

      In the months leading up the publication of these documents, the ANCA provided both Vanity Fair and Public Citizen with background materials, interviews, and first-hand accounts regarding Congressional efforts to recognize the Armenian Genocide.

      http://news.baou.com/main.php?action=recent&rid=20393
      I used to be schizophrenic, but we're ok now...

      Comment


      • #4
        Genocide in the news. Recent and noteworthy articles

        Genocide in the news. Recent and noteworthy articles.
        The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposing ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function. -- F. Scott Fitzgerald

        Comment


        • #5
          House of Lords: Armenian "Massacres" of 1915

          http://www.accc.org.uk/News/Lords_-_..._14july05.html


          House of Lords

          Thursday, 14 July 2005.

          The House met at eleven of the clock (Prayers having been read
          earlier at the Judicial Sitting by the Lord Bishop of Newcastle): The
          CHAIRMAN OF COMMITTEES on the Woolsack.

          14 Jul 2005 : Column 1212

          Armenian Massacres of 1915

          11.7 am

          Baroness Cox asked Her Majesty's Government:

          Whether they will reconsider their position with regard to the
          recognition of the Armenian massacres of 1915 as genocide.

          The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth
          Office (Lord Triesman): My Lords, the long-standing position of Her
          Majesty's Government is well known. The British Government acknowledge
          the strength of feeling about this terrible episode of history and
          recognise the massacres of 1915-16 as a tragedy. However, neither
          this Government nor previous British governments have judged that
          the evidence is sufficiently unequivocal to persuade us that these
          events should be categorised as genocide as defined by the 1948 UN
          convention on genocide.

          Baroness Cox: My Lords, I thank the Minister for his reply. Does he
          agree that every unrecognised genocide encourages other potential
          genocides, as shown by Hitler's infamous statement before invading
          Poland: "Who today speaks of the Armenians?"?

          The testimony of respected contemporary witnesses shows that the
          massacres of 1.5 million Armenians by Turkey would certainly fit the
          contemporary definition of genocide. What steps are the Government
          taking to ensure that their refusal to acknowledge this does not give
          implicit encouragement to other perpetrators of would-be genocides or,
          indeed, inhibit Turkey from recognising this, which is a precondition
          for healing and reconciliation?

          Lord Triesman: My Lords, I say unequivocally that what took place
          was by any standards an atrocity of the first order. The judgment
          required under the United Nations convention is that it can be
          demonstrated that a state had intent. That is the element that the
          lawyers have concluded is not shown in this case. That is why the
          difference is made. However, that does not alter the fact that every
          nation responsible for atrocities on such a scale needs to face them,
          think about them and consider what can be done or said to help to
          heal some of the wound that was caused, even if some time ago.

          Lord Archer of Sandwell: My Lords, does my noble friend accept that
          the issue is not so much what the Turkish Government did as their
          present attitude to the atrocities? Given that it is now a criminal
          offence in Turkey to refer to the genocide, that an academic seminar
          supported by three Turkish universities was banned by the Government
          and that academics are in prison for discussing it, is my noble friend
          a little troubled that admitting Turkey to the European Union--not
          after but while the Government demonstrate this contempt for human
          rights--may debase the ethical implications of EU membership?

          Lord Triesman: My Lords, it is true that the issue has not been set
          as a precondition for negotiations with Turkey over accession to
          the European Union, which, as I said to your Lordships yesterday,
          will start on 3 October. On the other hand, there is no doubt that
          progress needs to be made and that it must be substantive. The United
          Kingdom Government have attempted to move this process on. In March
          2005, at an EU Ministerial Troika with Turkey, my right honourable
          friend Denis MacShane suggested to Turkey that there should be an
          independent international commission to review the events of 1915.

          Subsequently, the Turkish Prime Minister wrote to the Armenian
          President and offered to collaborate in such a review. I submit to the
          House that the review might well reach the conclusion that there was
          genocide because that is not ruled out. I am not prejudging what the
          review might do. But unfortunately the proposal was not accepted by
          the Armenians unless the border issue and recognition were resolved
          first. It is quite hard to see how progress can be made easily.

          Lord Howell of Guildford: My Lords, the Minister will recall the
          official British government inquiry into these atrocities under Lord
          Bryce in 1915, which established beyond doubt that huge and systematic
          massacres had taken place. Speaking for myself and for many others,
          although there is sympathy with modern Turkey's position and its desire
          to move into effective membership of the European Union, might it not
          be useful for the British Government to tell our Turkish friends--to
          nudge them, as it were--that a more open approach on this matter than
          the one rightly described by the noble and learned Lord, Lord Archer,
          might help Turkey's general position and prospects of membership of
          the European Union?

          Lord Triesman: My Lords, I sympathise wholly with what my noble and
          learned friend Lord Archer and the noble Lord, Lord Howell, have just
          said. That is precisely why my right honourable friend Denis MacShane
          urged that on the Turkish Government. Given how static this position
          has been for so long, we took some comfort that they were prepared to
          accept a completely independent international commission to review
          the events. That itself is the beginning of significant change. It
          is not the change itself but the beginning of the change. We should
          continue to encourage that process.

          Lord McCluskey: My Lords, I speak as one who supports Turkey's
          application to join the European Union. However, do Her Majesty's
          Government recognise that the conduct of modern Turkey dismays many
          who support the application to join and creates real obstacles to
          its success? I refer: first, to its refusal to acknowledge the fact
          of the massacre of more than a million Armenians under the Ottoman
          Empire; secondly, to its enactment of the provision to which the
          noble and learned Lord, Lord Archer, referred--Article 305 of the
          Turkish penal code making journalists and others liable to criminal
          prosecution for using the word "genocide" in Turkey; and, thirdly,
          to the continuation of the blockade that has been referred to.

          Lord Triesman: My Lords, there is no reference in the penal code
          itself to that. There is an explanatory note to Article 305, which
          has the impact described. However, I am told that it is not legally
          binding. I also make it clear that the European Commission expects the
          language to be taken into account in interpreting Article 305 because
          it would not be acceptable to the European Union to interpret it in
          such a damaging way.

          Good relations with neighbouring states require that there should be
          open and flexible discussion of borders. That requires discussion not
          just with Armenia, but also with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh.
          That is, again, slightly complex, but we are encouraging that border
          discussion.

          Lord Avebury: My Lords, is the Minister aware that in 1999 when I sent
          Joyce Quin, the then Minister for Europe, a list of 400 bibliographical
          references on the genocide, she said that the Foreign Office did
          not have time to study them? In view of the fact that, since then,
          the Bryce Blue Book has been reprinted with all the references and
          that archives from Germany and Turkey have been put into the public
          domain, does the noble Lord not think that the Foreign Office should
          at least thoroughly re-examine the evidence?

          Lord Triesman: Yes, my Lords, for I am one of life's perpetual
          students. I do not mean to be at all frivolous about the subject of
          genocide, for there is no subject more telling in our recent modern
          history. I will most certainly study that.


          http://groong.usc.edu/news/msg120062.html
          What if I find someone else when looking for you? My soul shivers as the idea invades my mind.

          Comment


          • #6
            Originally posted by Siamanto
            The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth
            Office (Lord Triesman): My Lords, the long-standing position of Her
            Majesty's Government is well known. The British Government acknowledge
            the strength of feeling about this terrible episode of history and
            recognise the massacres of 1915-16 as a tragedy. However, neither
            this Government nor previous British governments have judged that
            the evidence is sufficiently unequivocal to persuade us that these
            events should be categorised as genocide as defined by the 1948 UN
            convention on genocide.
            http://goldwater.mideastreality.com/...argeteduk.html

            http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satelli...=1076904432757

            Comment


            • #7
              thank you vanatsi for that jerusalem post link.

              Comment


              • #8
                CRIMEAN PARLIAMENT REFUSED TO CANCEL THE DECISION TO RECOGNIZE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

                Despite the pressure from official Kiev Crimean lawmakers stayed close to their principles.

                On June 22 the Supreme Council of Crimea again discussed the question of Armenian genocide in Ottoman Turkey. It should be reminded that on May 19 the Crimean parliament passed a resolution proclaiming April 24 as the day to commemorate the victims of Armenian Genocide. Under the pressure from the outside the leadership of the legislative organ came up with an initiative to cancel the resolution. By the majority of votes the deputies rejected the proposal.

                /PanARMENIAN.Net/ The bill on announcing April 24 the Memory Day of the victims of Armenian genocide was introduced by the deputy from the Congress of Russian communities of Crimea Sergey Shuvaynikov. 59 out of 62 deputies of the Crimean parliament voted for the bill. However, immediately after the voting the chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea Boris Deich announced that he would not sign the resolution since it could have undesirable political consequences and official Kiev started to openly put pressure upon the deputies. The foreign ministry of Ukraine gave to understand that they would make efforts to achieve cancellation of the decision of Crimean lawmakers at any price. Unable to bear the pressure, during the seating of the presidium of the Supreme Council deputy Shuvaynikov reluctantly suggested to make corrections in the document and to qualify the events of 1915 as "tragedy". By the majority of votes the presidium rejected the proposal and decided to leave the document as it is, without putting the issue of changing the formulation of the resolution on the agenda of the parliament. Nevertheless speaker Boris Deich did not give up the idea to achieve the inclusion of the issue on the agenda. He decided to pursue the initiative directly at the plenary session.

                In the case in question the head of the legislative organ of the autonomy realized the will of official Kiev that actively flirts with Baku opposing itself to Yerevan. Ukraine and Azerbaijan are partner countries in GUAM but allied obligations do not demand open neglection towards Armenia with which Ukraine has ancient historical connections. It is quite obvious that it was Ilham Aliev that persuaded Ukrainian leaders to put pressure on Crimea. During the meeting with the speaker of Supreme Rada of Ukraine Vladimir Litvin the President of Azerbaijan demanded to do everything possible to make Crimean lawmakers reconsider their decision concerning the recognition of Armenian genocide. Ankara on its turn also made use of diplomatic instruments, including even the resources of Crimean-Tatar community. Mejlis - the illegal "parliament" of Crimean Tatars spoke out against the resolution. The leaders of the Azerbaijan community of Kiev even started discussing the necessity of Ukrainian parliament to pass a bill, announcing the resolution invalid.

                Arguing the necessity of canceling the resolution, the speaker of the parliament Boris Deich mentioned that passing of the resolution had aroused dangerous international resonance. However the arguments of his opponents turned to be more persuasive. The pro-Armenian atmosphere in the Crimean parliament was formed yet when the vice-speaker of Supreme Council of the autonomy was Anushavan Danielyan - current Primer Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh. In his speech during the debates deputy Vladimir Kazarin said, "I don’t understand what has the president of Azerbaijan to do with our decision". Kazarin reminded that Armenians have lived on the territory of Crimea for more than 1500 years. "They have had a tremendous input in the development of the peninsula. The history of Crimea is inseparably linked to the names of hundreds of outstanding Armenians who have become dear for Crimea", the deputy said. The head of the Crimean organization of the Republican party of Ukraine Alexander Gross also supported Kazarin and said, "No parliament in the world has ever cancelled passed resolutions for the commemoration of the victims of Armenian genocide. This can be a sad precedent. We have to account for our own decisions…"

                As a result, the initiative of the speaker was put to the vote and received only 13 votes. The issue is closed. From now on, every year on April 24 Crimea will officially commemorate the victims of Armenian genocide in Ottoman Turkey.

                http://www.panarmenian.net/details/e...ate=2005-06-25

                Comment


                • #9
                  Originally posted by Vanatsi
                  59 out of 62 deputies of the Crimean parliament voted for the bill. However, immediately after the voting the chairman of the Supreme Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea Boris Deich announced that he would not sign the resolution since it could have undesirable political consequences and official Kiev started to openly put pressure upon the deputies.
                  http://www.xxxukr.org/o_nas/lidery/lidery_e.html *



                  *To activate link, replace triple-x with the magic word.
                  Last edited by Vanatsi; 08-09-2005, 11:37 AM.

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Blagojevich signs law requiring genocide education in public schools

                    Blagojevich signs law requiring genocide education in public schools


                    August 5, 2005 - Illinois public schools are required to teach about
                    genocides around the world under a bill signed Friday by Gov. Rod
                    Blagojevich.

                    The measure, which took effect immediately, expanded the previous
                    requirement that elementary and high school students learn about the
                    Holocaust to include lessons on genocides in Armenia, Bosnia, Cambodia,
                    Rwanda, Sudan and Ukraine.

                    School districts have the entire academic year to meet the law's
                    requirement, State Board of Education spokeswoman Becky Watts said.

                    "As we teach our kids the important lessons of history, we have to be sure
                    that they understand that racial, national, ethnic and religious hatred can
                    lead to horrible tragedies," Blagojevich said in a statement.

                    Glenn "Max" McGee, superintendent of schools in the Chicago suburb of
                    Wilmette and a former state schools superintendent, said learning about
                    genocide and other tragedies should be part of the curriculum.

                    "I think it is important for boys and girls to learn about these tragic
                    events so that maybe they can make contributions that will truly change the
                    course of history in the future," he said.

                    But McGee worried the requirement could become an unfunded mandate from the
                    state.

                    "I hope and trust that the state Board of Education will provide resources
                    and some training in teaching these and it won't fall in the district's lap
                    to develop units," McGee said.

                    The law says the State Board of Education may give instructional materials
                    to districts to help them develop classes. Local school districts would set
                    specifics on the classes for each grade level.

                    The state board's curriculum and instruction division, which is responsible
                    for learning standards, was researching what curricula exists and which ones
                    would be most helpful to schools to teach about genocides, Watts said.

                    No decision has been made yet about whether the board will recommend a
                    curriculum or help schools access parts of one by providing online
                    resources, she said.

                    Schools will teach a unit on genocide and the lessons can last for different
                    lengths of times, she said.

                    The genocides students will learn about include Rwanda, where about 500,000
                    people, most of them from the country's Tutsi minority, were killed in 100
                    days by a regime of extremists from its Hutu majority in 1994. In July 1995,
                    as many as 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys in the U.N.-protected Bosnian
                    enclave of Srebrenica were killed in Europe's worst massacre since World War
                    II.

                    In the Darfur region of Sudan, war-induced hunger and disease have killed
                    more than 180,000 people and driven more than 2 million from their homes
                    since rebels from black African tribes took up arms in February 2003,
                    complaining of discrimination and oppression by Sudan's Arab-dominated
                    government.

                    Richard Hirschhaut, project and executive director of the Illinois Holocaust
                    Museum and Education Center, praised the bill.

                    "The new law affirms the continuing relevance of applying the universal
                    lessons of the Holocaust to the tragedies of genocide in our world today,"
                    he said in a statement.

                    The measure was sponsored by state Rep. John Fritchey, D-Chicago, and state
                    Sen. Jacqueline Collins, D-Chicago.

                    (Copyright 2005 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)


                    Last Updated: Aug 5, 2005

                    http://groong.usc.edu/news/msg120123.html
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