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Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

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  • #51
    Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

    Sturgeon Moon 2015 rises: Stunning supermoon lights up Saturday night sky
    https://www.rt.com/news/313812-super...turday-august/



    Tonight the world has been able to observe a spectacular celestial phenomenon – the supermoon, also known as the Sturgeon Moon. It is the first of three consecutive “supermoons” occurring this year.
    In fact, the term ‘supermoon’ is not astronomical. Scientists call this event a ‘perigee moon’: it takes place when the full Moon reaches the closest point to Earth on its oval orbit. This point is called perigee and it is about 50,000 km closer to our planet than the opposite side of the Moon’s elliptical path – apogee.












    Such celestial phenomena are not rare – there were five supermoons in 2014, and there will be six in 2015. Three have already occurred – in January, February and March – one will be observed tonight, and two are still to come, in September and October.

    However, for some reason, it causes quite a stir in social media every time, with crowds of excited people keen on snapping photos flocking to suitable locations.
    Your Armenian Lion

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    • #52
      Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

      Some Experts say that the Special Forces may use this technology







      Your Armenian Lion

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      • #53
        Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

        Մարսի խառնարանը, որտեղ ջուր էր հայտնաբերվել, կոչել են Գառնի գյուղի անունով
        http://news.am/arm/news/288462.html


















        Մարս մոլորակի խառնարաններից մեկը, որտեղ ջրի հետքեր էին հայտնաբերվել, անվանել են Գառնի հայկական գյուղի անունով։

        ՆԱՍԱ-ն եւ ԱՄՆ երկրաբանական ծառայությունը խառնարանն այդպես են կոչել այս տարվա ապրիլի 24-ին հայտնում է «Asbarez»-ը։

        Մարսի վրա՝ Գառնիի խառնարանի լանջերին, պարբերաբար մի քանի հարյուր մետր երկարությամբ մուգ նեղ շերտեր են ի հայտ գալիս, որոնք ենթադրաբար ձեւավորվում են հեղուկ աղի ջրի հոսքերից, հայտնում է ՆԱՍԱ-ի կայքը՝ ներկայացնելով Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter միջմոլորակային բազմաֆունկցիոնալ ավտոմատ կայանից HiRISE տեսախցիկի ֆիքսած նկարը։

        Պատկերը ստեղծելիս կազմվել է տեղանքի եռաչափ համակարգչային մոդելը՝ թվային քարտեզ, որը կազմել են HiRISE խցիկից 2 անգամ ստացված ստերեոսկոպիկ տեղեկության հիման վրա, որից հետո պատկերը դրվել է մոդելի վրա։

        2001թ. հունվարին ՆԱՍԱ-ն Գառնիում տիեզերագնացության թանգարան էր բացել եւ Գառնիի ինստիտուտի հետ համատեղ նախագծերի շուրջ փոխըմբռնման մասին հուշագիր էր ստորագրել։

        Հիշեցնենք, որ սեպտեմբերի 29-ին հայտնի էր դարձել, որ Մարսի վրա հեղուկ ջրի հետքեր են գտել։
        Last edited by Armynia; 09-30-2015, 04:35 AM.
        Your Armenian Lion

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        • #54
          Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

          Space Museum opens in Yerevan
























          Your Armenian Lion

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          • #55
            Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions









            Your Armenian Lion

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            • #56
              Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

              Your Armenian Lion

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              • #57
                Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

                A good resource for the latest 3d printing related info.

                http://lifehacker.com/the-best-free-...pri-1774721138

                Also, for people that are interested in 3d modeling, printing, animation, video editing >> "Blender" (one software) is an open source (Free) that is comparable to the $5000 + softwares.

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                • #58
                  Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

                  YEREVAN. – An Armenian device for monitoring inside plasma reactor was tested and acquired by one of the subsidiaries of Samsung.
                  Laboratory head of the InstitutexofxRadiophysicsx&xElectronicsx(IRPHE) at the Armenian National Academy of Sciences, Tigran Zaryan, said the aforementioned to Armenian News – NEWS.am at DigiTec Expo 2016 technological exhibition held in Yerevan.
                  The device was created to monitor the variable magnetic field in plasma reactor. It allows to see the condition of the field inside the processor and watch whether it is homogeneous enough.
                  Two of such devices were tested and acquired by Semes, which is the subsidiary of Samsung. “This company is a large manufacturer of plasma reactors and itself uses them in its technologies,” Zakaryan said.
                  In his words, IRPHE is again going to present its technology in Korea.
                  “Semes sent us a positive feedback, but it doesn’t yet buy additional samples. An exhibition of semiconductor technologies is held in Seoul every year; We want to demonstrate our technology there. We hope others will also take interest in it,” the scientist added.
                  http://news.am/eng/news/349363.html
                  Hayastan or Bust.

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                  • #59
                    Re: Scientific Notebook: Scientific Discussions

                    Great Unconformity: Evidence for a geologic trigger of the Cambrian explosion
                    April 18, 2012

                    The Great Unconformity is visible in the Grand Canyon at the base of a rock cliff above where the canyon walls slope down to the Colorado River. The flat-lying layered sedimentary rocks of the 525-million-year-old Cambrian Tapeats Sandstone …more
                    (Phys.org) -- The oceans teemed with life 600 million years ago, but the simple, soft-bodied creatures would have been hardly recognizable as the ancestors of nearly all animals on Earth today.

                    Then something happened. Over several tens of millions of years – a relative blink of an eye in geologic terms – a burst of evolution led to a flurry of diversification and increasing complexity, including the expansion of multicellular organisms and the appearance of the first shells and skeletons.
                    The results of this Cambrian explosion are well documented in the fossil record, but its cause – why and when it happened, and perhaps why nothing similar has happened since – has been a mystery.
                    New research shows that the answer may lie in a second geological curiosity – a dramatic boundary, known as the Great Unconformity, between ancient igneous and metamorphic rocks and younger sediments.
                    "The Great Unconformity is a very prominent geomorphic surface and there's nothing else like it in the entire rock record," says Shanan Peters, a geoscience professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison who led the new work. Occurring worldwide, the Great Unconformity juxtaposes old rocks, formed billions of years ago deep within the Earth's crust, with relatively young Cambrian sedimentary rock formed from deposits left by shallow ancient seas that covered the continents just a half billion years ago.
                    Named in 1869 by explorer and geologist John Wesley Powell during the first documented trip through the Grand Canyon, the Great Unconformity has posed a longstanding puzzle and has been viewed – by Charles Darwin, among others – as a huge gap in the rock record and in our understanding of the Earth's history.
                    But Peters says the gap itself – the missing time in the geologic record – may hold the key to understanding what happened.
                    In the April 19 issue of the journal Nature, he and colleague Robert Gaines of Pomona College report that the same geological forces that formed the Great Unconformity may have also provided the impetus for the burst of biodiversity during the early Cambrian.

                    A Cambrian trilobite, with a shell made of calcium carbonate. (Photo: Shanan Peters)
                    "The magnitude of the unconformity is without rival in the rock record," Gaines says. "When we pieced that together, we realized that its formation must have had profound implications for ocean chemistry at the time when complex life was just proliferating."

                    "We're proposing a triggering mechanism for the Cambrian explosion," says Peters. "Our hypothesis is that biomineralization evolved as a biogeochemical response to an increased influx of continental weathering products during the last stages in the formation of the Great Unconformity."
                    Peters and Gaines looked at data from more than 20,000 rock samples from across North America and found multiple clues, such as unusual mineral deposits with distinct geochemistry, that point to a link between the physical, chemical, and biological effects.
                    During the early Cambrian, shallow seas repeatedly advanced and retreated across the North American continent, gradually eroding away surface rock to uncover fresh basement rock from within the crust. Exposed to the surface environment for the first time, those crustal rocks reacted with air and water in a chemical weathering process that released ions such as calcium, iron, potassium, and silica into the oceans, changing the seawater chemistry.
                    The basement rocks were later covered with sedimentary deposits from those Cambrian seas, creating the boundary now recognized as the Great Unconformity.
                    Evidence of changes in the seawater chemistry is captured in the rock record by high rates of carbonate mineral formation early in the Cambrian, as well as the occurrence of extensive beds of glauconite, a potassium-, silica-, and iron-rich mineral that is much rarer today.
                    The influx of ions to the oceans also likely posed a challenge to the organisms living there. "Your body has to keep a balance of these ions in order to function properly," Peters explains. "If you have too much of one you have to get rid of it, and one way to get rid of it is to make a mineral."
                    The fossil record shows that the three major biominerals – calcium phosphate, now found in bones and teeth; calcium carbonate, in invertebrate shells; and silicon dioxide, in radiolarians – appeared more or less simultaneously around this time and in a diverse array of distantly related organisms.
                    The time lag between the first appearance of animals and their subsequent acquisition of biominerals in the Cambrian is notable, Peters says. "It's likely biomineralization didn't evolve for something, it evolved in response to something – in this case, changing seawater chemistry during the formation of the Great Unconformity. Then once that happened, evolution took it in another direction." Today those biominerals play essential roles as varied as protection (shells and spines), stability (bones), and predation (teeth and claws).
                    Together, the results suggest that the formation of the Great Unconformity may have triggered the Cambrian explosion.
                    "This feature explains a lot of lingering questions in different arenas, including the odd occurrences of many types of sedimentary rocks and a very remarkable style of fossil preservation. And we can't help but think this was very influential for early developing life at the time," Gaines says.
                    Far from being a lack of information, as Darwin thought, the gaps in the rock record may actually record the mechanism as to why the Cambrian explosion occurred in the first place, Peters says.
                    "The French composer Claude Debussy said, 'Music is the space between the notes.' I think that is the case here," he says. "The gaps can have more information, in some ways, about the processes driving Earth system change, than the rocks do. It's both together that give the whole picture."
                    Explore further: Ancient environment drives marine biodiversity, study says
                    Provided by: University of Wisconsin-Madison
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                    Hayastan or Bust.

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