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Science in Armenia

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  • Lernakan
    replied
    Re: Science in Armenia

    You can read a lot of articles about Armenian scientists on this thread at the Armenian Nationalist Forum:

    http://z4.invisionfree.com/Armenian_...opic=1809&st=0
    Last edited by Lernakan; 11-16-2008, 02:57 AM.

    Leave a comment:


  • truAnatolian
    replied
    Re: Science in Armenia

    Amazing, Im ecstatic to be reading this!
    Please keep this updated with anything to do with Science in Armenia.

    Leave a comment:


  • Lernakan
    started a topic Science in Armenia

    Science in Armenia

    ON THE ISSUES OF SCIENCE

    13 November 2008
    "Noravank" Foundation

    On November 5, 2008 in the Committee for Science and Educational of
    the National Assembly were held hearings devoted to science problems
    in the context of national security. A talk was given by "Noravank"
    Foundation Director, political scientist Gagik Harutyunyan.

    In the context of today's global systematic crisis occur changes of not
    only geographical and geopolitical character; first of all is changed
    global system of values. Virtual, speculative perceptions prevailing
    in the past have a tendency to turn into real values. In this sense
    knowledge is more than a real resource: it is noteworthy that some
    experts suggest accepting currencies named INFO or INTEL instead of
    dollar or euro. Another characteristic trait of up-to-date processes is
    the raise of state factor in all the fields which grounds application
    of not only liberal but first of all state-institutional approaches.

    Up-to-date global moves remind 1990s and the Karabakh war, in which
    the victory of the Armenian party the western experts condition by our
    technical supremacy, as in the sense of material resources the enemy
    had considerable advantage (let's mention that the term technology
    expresses the commonness of knowledge resources) and it is difficult
    not to agree with this situation: at that, the present realities are
    not that unequivocal.

    In the past we talked about the problem that in the Soviet
    scientific system Armenia's leading position was only conditioned
    by our traditional approaches to knowledge and our national
    peculiarities1. It is known that today our scientists publish
    more works in authoritative scientific journals than in Georgia and
    Azerbaijan in spite of the fact that in those countries more resources
    are allocated for science. Thus, we can once again state as a fact
    that we have human resources of desirable quality and in the future
    we will be able to regain our position in the scientific field.

    National science: In the Third Republic a lot of reforms have been
    effected in almost all the fields but the scientific one. This field
    seems to have been left out of the state system, become autonomic
    and the state-science dialogue has acquired a monotone character:
    representatives of science ask for means from the state, and the
    latter one refuses it to them. It has come to prove about lack of any
    strategy in science and in this sense let's remember the postulate
    of strategy according to which if you don't have your strategy,
    you are the subject another one's strategy.

    At that, scientific-educational field is the most important part of
    national security's information segment. In this sense, perhaps it
    is worth interpreting the perception of national science, which is
    often perceived in quite a primitive way: one can hear that science
    is a universal conception.

    At that, the conception national science has a distinct definition:
    it is the science serving the national interests. In this sense not
    only scientific fields directly relating to Armenians and Armeniacy
    may be national, but also, for example, astrophysics or another fields
    where there are leading scientific schools and resounding success. Such
    a leadership raises our country's rating and it is not a mere moral
    factor: these realities are taken into account in various structures
    and rating lists, which in its turn, raises confidence in the very
    country in the international community thus influencing its security
    and economy.

    In this very context one should take into consideration that sometimes
    science is treated with mere economic criteria, which is inefficient
    not only because it is a thankless task to make such calculations:
    It is to be known that the very scientific-educational system ensures
    reproduction of national elite of necessary quality, thus, formation
    of compatible state and society, which is the main pledge of national
    security.

    Let's mention that our society thinks that it is possible to have
    a good educational system without the scientific one. It is also a
    mistake, as it is known that the whole educational hierarchy is based
    on the scientific level - from pre-school education to post-graduate
    course.

    Methods of organizing science: There is no=2 0need to discuss the
    problems of collapse of the Soviet scientific system to which we
    have turned in our publications and devoted tens of analyses. To
    my regret I should state as a fact that the analysis of braking up
    of this system's Armenian segment has appeared beyond the sight,
    it is sometimes forgotten that the imperial scientific system no
    longer exists and the poor means are used on, for example, studding
    gender problems of the Arabic world. These are the remnants of the
    Soviet science, which are to be got rid of and shaped a compact and
    compatible scientific system. At the same time, it is important to
    state as a fact that we don't begin that process from a clear page
    as we have got the heritage of the very Soviet's scientific system
    which by objective or subjective reasons we have treated roughly,
    however, there are still some resources remaining.

    >From this standpoint it is to be given brief description of organizing
    science.

    The tradition of European "research universities" coming from Middle
    Ages to patronize only separate gifted scientists who were engaged in
    the problems they were interested in - the results were especially
    striking in Germany, however, it split up after the collapse of
    Nazi regime.

    Institutional - state financing inherent to Soviet academic system. It
    was efficient till 1980s; however, it was degraded in parallel with
    the common system. Let0s mention that in the Communist Party Central
    Committee a special committee was made to reform the system, but the
    USSR collapsed. At present a new committee has been created in Russia
    to be engaged in that issues, the service reports of which Academician
    Sergeyev has kindly placed at the deposal of "Noravank."

    Grant system, which is especially efficient when the researches made
    are to be given logical end.

    At present innovative structures have become widely spread, for
    example, there are 30 thousand innovative companies in the RF, however,
    according to the observations of Dan Medovnikov, they don't work
    efficiently without institutional forms of organization. Innovative
    activity is the field of researches that have specific way of thinking,
    and it is considered nonsense to claim for innovative suggestions
    from academic institutions.

    Today an opinion has been shaped that it is a methodical mistake to
    accentuate any separate way of organizing science. It has been very
    well perceived by Americans, who make a good use of all the ways
    of organization and their modifications. It is noteworthy that such
    approaches also win in Russia's conception about science.

    Thus, one can state as a fact that complex and synthetic approaches
    are formed in science organizing field and they are to be considered
    perceptible for organizing Armenian national science.

    What to do and what not to do: At least the Academy of Science should

    not be split up - it contradicts our interests. From the one hand,
    one should get rid of the syndromes of the former scientific system and
    form a new one, however, one shouldn't destroy the existing, but make
    use of what we have and make an up-to-date scientific system, where
    are to be used both institutional and liberal-commercial methods. To
    discuss these problems it is necessary to form an inter-departmental
    committee. As the first step it is necessary to improve the scientific
    infrastructure, qualitatively increase financing of the field,
    and raise the statues of a scientist. It is extremely important to
    have non-standard, innovative approaches in this field and not to
    expect any dividends in this most difficult first stage, otherwise,
    the losses will prevail.
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