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Science in Armenia

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  • Science in Armenia


    13 November 2008
    "Noravank" Foundation

    On November 5, 2008 in the Committee for Science and Educational of
    the National Assembly were held hearings devoted to science problems
    in the context of national security. A talk was given by "Noravank"
    Foundation Director, political scientist Gagik Harutyunyan.

    In the context of today's global systematic crisis occur changes of not
    only geographical and geopolitical character; first of all is changed
    global system of values. Virtual, speculative perceptions prevailing
    in the past have a tendency to turn into real values. In this sense
    knowledge is more than a real resource: it is noteworthy that some
    experts suggest accepting currencies named INFO or INTEL instead of
    dollar or euro. Another characteristic trait of up-to-date processes is
    the raise of state factor in all the fields which grounds application
    of not only liberal but first of all state-institutional approaches.

    Up-to-date global moves remind 1990s and the Karabakh war, in which
    the victory of the Armenian party the western experts condition by our
    technical supremacy, as in the sense of material resources the enemy
    had considerable advantage (let's mention that the term technology
    expresses the commonness of knowledge resources) and it is difficult
    not to agree with this situation: at that, the present realities are
    not that unequivocal.

    In the past we talked about the problem that in the Soviet
    scientific system Armenia's leading position was only conditioned
    by our traditional approaches to knowledge and our national
    peculiarities1. It is known that today our scientists publish
    more works in authoritative scientific journals than in Georgia and
    Azerbaijan in spite of the fact that in those countries more resources
    are allocated for science. Thus, we can once again state as a fact
    that we have human resources of desirable quality and in the future
    we will be able to regain our position in the scientific field.

    National science: In the Third Republic a lot of reforms have been
    effected in almost all the fields but the scientific one. This field
    seems to have been left out of the state system, become autonomic
    and the state-science dialogue has acquired a monotone character:
    representatives of science ask for means from the state, and the
    latter one refuses it to them. It has come to prove about lack of any
    strategy in science and in this sense let's remember the postulate
    of strategy according to which if you don't have your strategy,
    you are the subject another one's strategy.

    At that, scientific-educational field is the most important part of
    national security's information segment. In this sense, perhaps it
    is worth interpreting the perception of national science, which is
    often perceived in quite a primitive way: one can hear that science
    is a universal conception.

    At that, the conception national science has a distinct definition:
    it is the science serving the national interests. In this sense not
    only scientific fields directly relating to Armenians and Armeniacy
    may be national, but also, for example, astrophysics or another fields
    where there are leading scientific schools and resounding success. Such
    a leadership raises our country's rating and it is not a mere moral
    factor: these realities are taken into account in various structures
    and rating lists, which in its turn, raises confidence in the very
    country in the international community thus influencing its security
    and economy.

    In this very context one should take into consideration that sometimes
    science is treated with mere economic criteria, which is inefficient
    not only because it is a thankless task to make such calculations:
    It is to be known that the very scientific-educational system ensures
    reproduction of national elite of necessary quality, thus, formation
    of compatible state and society, which is the main pledge of national

    Let's mention that our society thinks that it is possible to have
    a good educational system without the scientific one. It is also a
    mistake, as it is known that the whole educational hierarchy is based
    on the scientific level - from pre-school education to post-graduate

    Methods of organizing science: There is no=2 0need to discuss the
    problems of collapse of the Soviet scientific system to which we
    have turned in our publications and devoted tens of analyses. To
    my regret I should state as a fact that the analysis of braking up
    of this system's Armenian segment has appeared beyond the sight,
    it is sometimes forgotten that the imperial scientific system no
    longer exists and the poor means are used on, for example, studding
    gender problems of the Arabic world. These are the remnants of the
    Soviet science, which are to be got rid of and shaped a compact and
    compatible scientific system. At the same time, it is important to
    state as a fact that we don't begin that process from a clear page
    as we have got the heritage of the very Soviet's scientific system
    which by objective or subjective reasons we have treated roughly,
    however, there are still some resources remaining.

    >From this standpoint it is to be given brief description of organizing

    The tradition of European "research universities" coming from Middle
    Ages to patronize only separate gifted scientists who were engaged in
    the problems they were interested in - the results were especially
    striking in Germany, however, it split up after the collapse of
    Nazi regime.

    Institutional - state financing inherent to Soviet academic system. It
    was efficient till 1980s; however, it was degraded in parallel with
    the common system. Let0s mention that in the Communist Party Central
    Committee a special committee was made to reform the system, but the
    USSR collapsed. At present a new committee has been created in Russia
    to be engaged in that issues, the service reports of which Academician
    Sergeyev has kindly placed at the deposal of "Noravank."

    Grant system, which is especially efficient when the researches made
    are to be given logical end.

    At present innovative structures have become widely spread, for
    example, there are 30 thousand innovative companies in the RF, however,
    according to the observations of Dan Medovnikov, they don't work
    efficiently without institutional forms of organization. Innovative
    activity is the field of researches that have specific way of thinking,
    and it is considered nonsense to claim for innovative suggestions
    from academic institutions.

    Today an opinion has been shaped that it is a methodical mistake to
    accentuate any separate way of organizing science. It has been very
    well perceived by Americans, who make a good use of all the ways
    of organization and their modifications. It is noteworthy that such
    approaches also win in Russia's conception about science.

    Thus, one can state as a fact that complex and synthetic approaches
    are formed in science organizing field and they are to be considered
    perceptible for organizing Armenian national science.

    What to do and what not to do: At least the Academy of Science should

    not be split up - it contradicts our interests. From the one hand,
    one should get rid of the syndromes of the former scientific system and
    form a new one, however, one shouldn't destroy the existing, but make
    use of what we have and make an up-to-date scientific system, where
    are to be used both institutional and liberal-commercial methods. To
    discuss these problems it is necessary to form an inter-departmental
    committee. As the first step it is necessary to improve the scientific
    infrastructure, qualitatively increase financing of the field,
    and raise the statues of a scientist. It is extremely important to
    have non-standard, innovative approaches in this field and not to
    expect any dividends in this most difficult first stage, otherwise,
    the losses will prevail.

  • #2
    Re: Science in Armenia

    Amazing, Im ecstatic to be reading this!
    Please keep this updated with anything to do with Science in Armenia.


    • #3
      Re: Science in Armenia

      You can read a lot of articles about Armenian scientists on this thread at the Armenian Nationalist Forum:

      Last edited by Lernakan; 11-16-2008, 03:57 AM.


      • #4
        Re: Science in Armenia

        CRD Hosts Astroparticle Symposium in Armenia

        Symposium on Mt. Aragats - From September 29 to October 3 the Cosmic
        Ray Division (CRD) of the Alikhanyan Physics Institute hosted The
        International Astroparticle Physics Symposium: `Forecasting of the
        Radiation and Geomagnetic Storms by networks of particle detectors
        (FORGES-2008)' symposium at CRD's International Conference Center, Nor
        Ambert, on Armenia's Mt. Aragats.

        The focus of the symposium was on establishing future networks of
        particle detectors distributed at different latitudes, longitudes, and
        altitudes in order to issue warnings of approaching radiation and
        geomagnetic storms. Such storms are caused by energetic eruptions on
        the sun's surface which expel massive amounts of electrically charged
        particles towards the earth, often interfering with electronic systems
        on earth and damaging satellites in space. Thus the ability to
        accurately forecast the occurrence and severity of such events is
        extremely important.

        With 40 conference participants from Italy, Germany, Great Britain,
        Croatia, Greece, Ukraine, Russia, Costa Rica and Armenia - CRD's
        scientists and engineers presented over 20 scientific papers
        describing their research. Many of the Armenian presenters were young
        Armenian scientists, engineers, and students who were trained by CRD's
        head Prof. Ashot Chilingarian and his staff of senior scientists and
        engineers. Among the Armenian presenters from the CRD were Prof Ashot
        Chilingarian discussing "Surface Particle Detectors in Space Weather
        Forecasting", and "Discrete Optimization Problems in Space Weather
        Forecasting"; Gagik Hovsepyan presenting "Detection of Elementary
        Particles by Plastic Scinillators"; Aram Yeghikyan who presented `DVIN
        - Data Visualization Interactive Network for Data Interchange'; and
        Karen Arakelian whose topic was `Assembling and Tuning of SEVAN
        Measuring Units'. SEVAN (Space Environment Viewing and Analysis
        Network) is a network of detectors designed by CRD scientists in
        Armenia and being deployed in a number of countries.

        Armenian presenters from outside Armenia included Dr. Suren
        Chilingaryan from the Karlsruhe Research Center in Germany and
        Dr. Vahe Perumian from University of California. Other presenters
        included Dr. Nat Gopalswamy from N.A.S.A., the United States space

        SEVAN Network - During the conference CRD's talented young scientists
        and engineers conducted a training session on the installation and
        operation of CRD's SEVAN network of Astroparticle detectors. The
        United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs and the International
        Heliophysical Year (IHY) has launched a small instrument program as
        one of the United Nations Basic Space Science (UNBSS)
        activities. SEVAN, a network of particle detectors located at the
        middle to low latitudes, aims to improve the fundamental research on
        particle acceleration in the vicinity of sun and space environment
        conditions. The first SEVAN modules are undergoing operational tests
        at Aragats Space Environmental Center in Armenia. The network will
        grow with detectors deployed in Croatia and Bulgaria. In 2009 SEVAN
        detectors are planned to be installed in Slovakia and Costa
        Rica. Research groups from Croatia and Costa-Rica were introduced to
        the SEVAN detector operation and data analysis at this conference.
        The SEVAN network is funded by international scientific institutions.

        Foreign attendees stayed at newly renovated guest facilities at CRD's
        Nor Ambert research center on Mt. Aragats. These essential renovations
        were funded in part by the support of the Diaspora. Besides the
        weighty scientific discussions, attendees took time off to visit the
        Ambert Fortress on Mt. Aragats, Echmiadzin, art and history museums in
        Yerevan, and the natural beauty of Mt. Aragats. Attendees continue to
        send letters of appreciation to the CRD for the well run conference
        and the hospitality exhibited by their Armenian hosts.

        Space Research Conference in Montreal - Beside the conference hosted
        on Armenia's Mt. Aragats, the CRD exhibited a strong presence at the
        37th Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) conference in Montreal,
        Canada from July 13-23, 2008. COSPAR's objectives are to promote
        international scientific research in space and to provide an open
        forum for the discussion of problems that may affect scientific space
        research. The COSPAR Scientific Assembly provides the world's largest
        interdisciplinary forum for the exchange of recent results in space
        research. CRD's head, Professor Ashot Chilingarian, participated in
        COSPAR conference as Armenia's official representative to this
        organization and a member of COSPAR's Council. Professor Chilingarian
        presented 3 reports based on ongoing research at the Cosmic Ray

        International Heliophysical Year 2008 Workshop in Bulgaria - Cosmic
        Ray Division scientists, engineers, and students participated in the
        `2007 Heliophysical Year and Basic Space Science'conference, sponsored
        by the U.N., N.A.S.A., and the European and Japanese space
        agencies. The conference was hosted by the Solar-Terrestrial
        Influences Laboratory of the Bulgarian Academy of Science in Sozopol,
        Bulgaria on June 2-6 2008. The Outer Space Office of the United
        Nations, in cooperation with other agencies, has organized
        international workshops on basic space science every year since 1990
        -particularly for the benefit of scientists and engineers from
        developing nations. The Armenian delegation to the conference included
        5 CRD staff members, together with 2 students from Yerevan State
        University who worked on projects at the CRD under the direction of
        CRD scientists. The students' attendance was supported by the U.N.
        and N.A.S.A. The Armenian delegation delivered 4 oral and 8 poster
        presentations, based on data from CRD's Aragats Space Environmental
        Center and on initial results from CRD's SEVAN cosmic ray particle
        detector network.

        During the conference a project meeting was held with research
        partners from Germany, Switzerland, and Israel. It was decided to
        install new electronics for the Aragats Multichannel Muon Monitor at
        CRD's Aragats research station and to send CRD physicist and recent
        PhD recipient Artur Reymers to visit Bern University for 2 weeks in
        August 2008. During meetings with Bulgarian and Croatian groups, SEVAN
        detector construction was explained. Visits of Armenian experts to
        Bulgaria and Croatia for final detector assembly were planned for late
        2008. The current status of the newly established Neutron Monitor Data
        Base project was discussed and clarified with Swiss representative
        Rolf Bitgofer from Bern University. Attention was given to the CRD's
        DVIN-5 computer program, which allows scientists to visualize cosmic
        ray data, and to neutron monitor electronics developed by the Armenian
        group, now undergoing testing at the CRD.

        More news on the Cosmic Ray Division's impressive accomplishments is
        available on the Support Committee for Armenia's Cosmic Ray Division's
        web site at <> . This
        site has a link to CRD's web site in Armenia where more technical
        information is presented, as well as photographs of CRD's facilities
        on Mt. Aragats and conference photos.

        CRD's impressive accomplishments could not have been made without the
        generous support of the Diaspora. CRD's staff wishes to express it's
        gratitude for the trust and continued support of the Diaspora.


        • #5
          Re: Science in Armenia

          it's a pity that science is not very well rewarded in Armenia, as we can see from time to time on the tv, where scientists complain about their remuneration. if the government can not afford any increases then why not to include in the funds raised under the telethon program a percentage to finance scientists, after all these people are doing good job


          • #6
            Re: Science in Armenia


            Noyan Tapan
            Dec 11, 2008

            YEREVAN, DECEMBER 11, NOYAN TAPAN. The prominent scientist, member of a number of academies and international societies, Academician of the RA
            National Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor
            Paris Heruni died at the age of 74 on December 5. He founded several
            new scientific directions, which have been recognized in the world
            and are now used in developed countries. Paris Heruni also conducted
            serious studies in other fields: he discovered the Karahunj ancient
            observatory and wrote "The Armenians and Ancient Armenia" monography
            which was published in Armenian, English and Russian.


            • #7
              Re: Science in Armenia


              08.12.2008 14:39

              Renowned scholar, member of a number of academies of the world and
              international companies, Academician of the National academy of
              Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Doctor of Technical Sciences,
              Professor Paris Heruni died on December 5 aged 74. President Serzh
              Sargsyan extended condolences to his family. The President's message

              "With great pain I learnt about the death of Paris Heruni.

              Paris Heruni was one of those devotees, due to whose talent and
              activity the Armenian school of exact sciences regained its leading
              position. The results of his research and studies grew into separate
              branches of science.

              His objective was to achieve new heights of knowledge. His credo was
              serving the science, the Motherland and our people.

              At this difficult moment of loss I extend condolences to Paris Heruni's
              relatives, friends and colleagues."


              • #8
                Re: Science in Armenia

                Stem Cell Harvesting Center opens in Yerevan

                /PanARMENIAN.Net/ VivaCell-MTS and the Armenian Bone Marrow Donor Registry Charitable Trust (ABMDR) announce the opening of the Stem Cell Harvesting Center which will target its activities at saving of the endangered lives of those Armenians and non-Armenians alike who suffer from leukemia and other ominous blood-related disease, reported the press office of VivaCell-MTS.

                Armenian Bone Marrow Donor Registry is a non-profit charitable organization which has for the last ten years pursued its noble goals in and outside the Republic of Armenia. ABMDR’s mission is to help the Armenians scattered around the world overcome fatal blood diseases through bone marrow/stem cell transplantation. Hence the ABMDR aims at identifying matching bone marrow/stem cell donors for the patients suffering from leukemia, ensuring high transplant efficiency, recruiting donors throughout Armenia and the Armenian Diaspora, and at creating an all-Armenian database.

                Up to the present date, more than 14.000 donors have volunteered of register with the ABMDR, 821 matches have been identified, and 9 bone marrow/stem cell transplantations have been performed. The setting up of a state-of-the-art Stem Cell Harvesting Center has been a priority among ABMDR’s recent activities.

                “VivaCell-MTS, being a long time corporate partner and supporter of ABMDR, once again came up with a considerable social investment which will serve the noble mission of saving endangered lives”, said General Manager of VivaCell-MTS Ralph Yirikian.

                “The realization of this project, marking a significant step forward in Armenia’s health care, was made possible thanks to the invaluable and much appreciated support by the organization's long time friend and ally – VivaCell-MTS – a key player in the country’s telecommunications area and a leading mobile networks operator. VivaCell-MTS contributed 106 million drams which will be fully targeted at saving of lives at stake”, said Dr. Sevak Avagyan, Executive Director of ABMDR.

                Azerbaboon: 9.000 Google hits and counting!


                • #9
                  Re: Science in Armenia

                  Originally posted by Federate View Post
                  Stem Cell Harvesting Center opens in Yerevan

                  /PanARMENIAN.Net/ VivaCell-MTS and the Armenian Bone Marrow Donor Registry Charitable Trust (ABMDR) announce the opening of the Stem Cell Harvesting Center which will target its activities at saving of the endangered lives of those Armenians and non-Armenians alike who suffer from leukemia and other ominous blood-related disease, reported the press office of VivaCell-MTS.
                  A bit more about VivaCell-MTS...

                  Intracom Wins Armenian Network Contract

                  xIntracom Telecom, a part of Sitronics has signed a US$24 million contract with VivaCell-MTS (K-Telecom), Armenia's leading mobile operator for the expansion of its GSM network. Under the terms of the contract, Intracom Telecom will provide Infrastructure works, Installation and Integration services, in cooperation with Alcatel-Lucent who will be the main equipment vendor.

                  This project aims at enabling VivaCell-MTS (K-Telecom) to expand the access capacity of its GSM/GPRS network and achieve its business goals by offering the most advanced high-quality services to the Armenian end-users. The project is estimated to be completed by the end of the 1st Quarter of 2009.

                  Mr. Alexandros Manos, Managing Director of Intracom Telecom, commented: "This new project is another reward for our over-a-decade commitment to deliver state of the art solutions and professional services in Armenia. We are pleased to further enhance our long established cooperation with VivaCell-MTS (K-Telecom) and are confident that we will successfully meet the network development requirements of the Operator that today serves 74% of the country's mobile subscribers."

                  "Our previous successful cooperation with Intracom Armenia played a key role during our partner selection process for this project," stated Mr. Ralph Yirikian, VivaCell-MTS General Manager and continued, "It is important for us to cooperate with a local based company which provides integrated and cost-effective solutions. VivaCell-MTS strives at all times to join hands with the world's top notch suppliers to be able to provide the best services to the Armenian Society."


                  A bit more about Sitronics....

                  * 2008 net loss $53.9 million
                  * Says company is net profitable excluding forex loss
                  * Cuts 2009 capex further to $60 million, 1/3 of 2008 level

                  MOSCOW, April 24 (Reuters) - Russian IT company Sitronics, a subsidiary of the Moscow-based Sistema conglomerate, narrowed its loss in the fourth quarter of 2008 but a weak rouble hindered its return to profit.
                  The quarterly loss declined to $7.8 million from $46.1 million a year earlier. For the full year the loss narrowed to $53.9 million from $234 million.

                  "The group was cash generative for the year and, when excluding the non-cash impact of the reported forex losses, the group was also net profitable for the year," president Sergei Aslanyan said in a statement.

                  The foreign exchange loss was $40.8 million for the fourth quarter when the rouble lost 16 percent versus the dollar as the global credit crisis hit Russia.

                  Revenues edged up only slightly to $612 million from $605 for the 2007 period because of the disposal of a low-margin business. Core profits ballooned to $62.5 million from $6.4 million. (Writing by Melissa Akin; Editing by Dan Lalor)

                  Last edited by KanadaHye; 04-29-2009, 07:24 AM.
                  "Nobody can give you freedom. Nobody can give you equality or justice or anything. If you're a man, you take it." ~Malcolm X


                  • #10
                    Re: Science in Armenia

                    Armenia’s membership in International Astronomy Union might be suspended

                    10.07.2009 22:09 GMT+04:00

                    /PanARMENIAN.Net/ Being unable to pay its International Astronomy Union (IAU) membership fee, Armenia runs the risk of having its membership suspended, Byurakan Observatory Director Hayk Harutyunyan told a news conference. “By losing International Astronomy Union membership, Armenia will be deprived of many benefits –international connections, scientific and financial assistance,'' he emphasized.

                    According to Observatory Director, currently, because of unsatisfactory funding, Armenian astronomy is facing a real threat of losing its scientific potential and traditions formed during Soviet period.

                    Azerbaboon: 9.000 Google hits and counting!