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Armored Vehicles: Tank Design Since 1916 and Present

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  • #21
    Re: Armored Vehicles: Tank Design Since 1916 and Present

    World War II


    Light tanks
    Renault R35
    Hotchkiss H35 or modified version H39
    FCM 36
    Char D1
    Renault R40
    AMX 38 (trials)

    Medium tanks
    Somua S-35
    Char D2

    Heavy tanks
    Char B1
    FCM 2C

    Tank destroyers
    Laffly W15 TCC
    AMR 35 Renault ZT2
    AMR 35 Renault ZT3
    Somua S-40


    Light tanks

    Medium tanks

    Heavy tanks
    SMK (experimental)

    Teletanks (remotely controlled tanks)

    Self-propelled guns
    SU-14 super heavy SPG
    SU-85 tank destroyer
    SU-100 tank destroyer
    SU-122 self-propelled howitzer
    Object 704 tank destroyer
    ISU-152 tank destroyer

    United States

    Light tanks
    Light Tank M2
    Light Tank M3/M5
    Light Tank M22
    Light Tank M24

    Medium tanks
    Medium Tank M3
    Medium Tank M4
    Medium Tank M2

    Heavy tanks
    M26 Pershing
    M6 heavy tank
    T29 Heavy Tank
    T30 Heavy Tank

    Tank destroyers[edit]
    M3 Gun Motor Carriage
    M6 Gun Motor Carriage
    M10 tank destroyer a.k.a. M10 Wolverine
    M18 Hellcat (2,507)
    M36 tank destroyer a.k.a. M36 Jackson

    Self-propelled guns
    M4 Mortar Carrier 81 mm
    M7 Priest 105 mm
    M8 Howitzer Motor Carriage
    M10 Wolverine
    M12 Gun Motor Carriage
    M18 Hellcat 76 mm
    M36 Jackson 90 mm
    M40 GMC 155 mm

    United Kingdom

    Light tanks
    Tank, Light, Mk.II
    Tank, Light, Mk.III
    Tank, Light, Mk.IV
    Tank, Light, Mk.V
    Tank, Light, Mk.VI
    Tank, Light, Mk. VII Tetrarch
    Tank, Light, Mk. VIII Harry Hopkins (A25)
    Vickers 6 Ton Type B

    Medium tanks
    Tank, Medium, Mk.II
    Sherman Firefly modification of M4 Sherman.
    General Grant US M3 Medium built to UK specification bought from the Americans
    M4 Sherman
    Heavy tanks
    Tank, Heavy, TOG I
    Tank, Heavy, TOG II
    Tank, Heavy Assault,
    Tank, Heavy Assault, Tortoise
    Tank, Infantry, Churchill (A22)

    Cruiser tanks
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk.I (A9)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk. II (A10)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk. III (A13)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk. IV (A13 Mk.II)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk.V, Covenanter (A13 Mk.III)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VI, Crusader (A15)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VII, Cavalier (A24)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VIII, Centaur (A27L)
    Tank, Cruiser, Mk.VIII, Cromwell (A27M)
    Tank, Cruiser, Challenger (A30)
    Tank, Cruiser, Comet I (A34) (United Kingdom)
    Tank, Cruiser, Centurion I (A41)

    Infantry tanks
    Tank, Infantry, Mk.I, Matilda I
    Tank, Infantry, Tank Mk.II, Matilda II (A12)
    Tank, Infantry, Mk.III, Valentine
    Tank, Infantry, Mk.IV, Churchill
    Tank, Infantry, Valiant (A38)
    Tank, Infantry, Black Prince (A43)

    Self-propelled guns
    Carrier, Valentine, 25pdr gun Mk.I, Bishop
    AEC Mk I Gun Carrier
    25pdr SP, tracked, Sexton
    SP 17pdr, Valentine, Mk.I, Archer
    SP 17pdr, A30 Avenger
    17pdr SP Achilles

    Nazi Germany

    Light tanks
    Panzer I
    Panzer II
    Panzer 35t

    Medium tanks
    Panzer 38t
    Panzer III
    Panzer IV
    Panzer V "Panther"

    Heavy tanks
    Tiger I (1,355)
    Tiger II a.k.a. "King Tiger" or "Royal Tiger"
    Panzer VIII Maus
    Panzer E-100

    Tank destroyers
    Panzerjäger I
    SdKfz 132 Marder I
    SdKfz 131 Marder II
    SdKfz 138 Marder III
    SdKfz 138/2 Jagdpanzer 38(t) "Hetzer"
    SdKfz 162 Jagdpanzer IV
    SdKfz 164 Nashorn
    SdKfz 173 Jagdpanzer V "Jagdpanther"
    SdKfz 184 Panzerjäger Tiger (P) Elefant
    SdKfz 186 Jagdpanzer VI "Jagdtiger"

    Self-propelled artillery
    SdKfz 165 Hummel
    SdKfz 138/1 Grille I/II
    SdKfz 124 Wespe
    SdKfz 4/1 15 cm Panzerwerfer 42 auf Selbstfahrlafette "Maultier"


    Light tanks
    Type 92
    Type 95 Ha-Go
    Type 98 Ke-Ni
    Type 5 Ke-Ho

    Medium tanks
    Type 87 Chi-I
    Type 89 Chi-Ro
    Type 97 Chi-Ha
    Type 1 Chi-He
    Type 3 Chi-Nu
    Type 4 Chi-To
    Type 5 Chi-Ri

    Heavy tanks
    Type 95 Heavy Tank
    Type 2 Ka-Mi
    Type 3 Ka-Chi
    Type 5 To-Ku

    Self-propelled guns
    Type 1 75 mm SPH Ho-Ni I
    Type 1 105 mm SPH Ho-Ni II
    Type 3 Gun Tank Ho-Ni III
    Type 4 150 mm SPH Ho-Ro


    Light tanks
    Fiat 3000
    Carro Armato L6/40

    Medium tank
    Carro Armato M11/39
    Carro Armato M13/40
    Carro Armato M14/41
    Carro Armato M15/42
    Carro Armato Celere Sahariano M16/43

    Heavy tanks
    Carro Pesante P26/40
    Tank destroyers[edit]
    Semovente M40 47/32
    Semovente M41 90/53

    Self-propelled guns
    Semovente 47/32
    Semovente M41 75/18
    Semovente 75/34
    Semovente M41M 90/53
    Semovente M42L 105/25
    Your Armenian Lion


    • #22
      Re: Armored Vehicles: Tank Design Since 1916 and Present

      World War II


      Light tank, Renault R35 (1934)

      Your Armenian Lion


      • #23
        Re: Armored Vehicles: Tank Design Since 1916 and Present

        Andrei AKULOV | 04.05.2016 | OPINION

        Russia’s T-14 Armata MBT: Generational Leap in Armored Vehicle Warfare

        Russia’s brand new T-14 Armata main battle tank (MBT) made its first public appearance a year ago during the May 2015 Victory Day Parade. Unlike now, the vehicle was just a prototype shrouded in secrecy.

        It has become known recently that Uralvagonzavod is set to deliver the first batch of 100 operational T-14 Armata main battle tanks to the Russian Ground Forces between 2017 and 2018.

        The Russian army plans to acquire 2,300 T-14s before 2020. Sergei Chemezov, chief executive officer of the Rostec state corporation, told the Wall Street Journal that the tank was in serial production.

        The vehicle is expected to be seen in public at the 2016 Moscow Victory Day Parade.

        The new tank weighs 48 tons and could achieve speeds of more than 50 miles per hour.

        3D printing has been used since 2015 to produce prototype parts – a real technological breakthrough!

        Currently, the tank is armed with the standard 125-mm cannon able to fire multiple types of munitions. The turret is unmanned, there is no fume extractor. The firing rate is 10–12 rounds per minute. The maximum effective-penetration range is up to 8 km. The detection range of the tank's optical sensors is more than 5 km for tank-sized targets at day and at least 3.5 km at night through the thermal imaging channel. The laser rangefinder has a theoretical maximum range of 7.5 km. These systems are duplicated; in addition, there is a weaker third system which can fire on the move. The vehicle could easily be outfitted with a much more powerful 152-mm gun in the future.

        The secondary armament consists of a 12.7 mm Kord (GRAU 6P49) machine gun with 300 rounds and a 7.62 mm PKTM (6P7К) machine gun with 1,000 rounds. All guns are remotely controlled. In addition, another 1,000 rounds can be stored separately. A 12.7 mm machine gun is installed above the turret roof-mounted commander's sight, which avoids visual obstructions, while the turret front has a slit supposedly intended for the coaxial 7.62 mm machinegun.

        A digital control system directs the tank's movement, tracks targets and activates its defense systems, allowing the crew to focus on key combat functions. The tank is fitted with GLONASS and NAVSTAR GPS.

        «Armata is far better than its best foreign analogs due to integrated protection systems», noted the expert at the Tractor Plants subsidiary. «No foreign tank fully embodies layered protection principles. Russia's does», said Mikhail Alexeyev, research director and chief designer of the Steel Research Institute.

        Another specific feature is Afghanit active protection system (APS).

        This system includes a millimeter-wavelength radar to detect, track and intercept and disrupt the guidance of incoming anti-tank munitions, both kinetic energy penetrators and tandem-charges.

        The vehicle is also equipped with a countermeasure suite to jam enemy laser guidance systems. It can use interceptor rounds for the APS, which are fitted with explosively formed penetrators. Should an incoming round make it through the APS, the vehicle is protected by dual-layered Malachit explosive reactive armor in addition to robust passive armor. Slat armor is used to protect certain areas that would otherwise be vulnerable to rocket propelled grenades. The tank's crew of three is protected by an internal armored capsule. Both the chassis and the turret are equipped with explosive reactor armor from the front, sides and the top. The turret's shape is designed to decrease its radio and thermal signatures. The T-14 uses the integrated computerized control system which monitors the state and functions of all tank modules. In battle, the software can analyze threats and then either suggest or automatically take the actions to eliminate them. It can detect and rectify crew errors.

        The T-14 is powered by electronically controlled ChTZ 12Н360 (A-85-3A) diesel engine delivering up to 1,500 hp. Operational range is over 500 km.

        The tank stands out for its strategic mobility at the speed of 90km/h. Its moderate mass of 48 tons allows it to be easily rail- and trailer-transported, conserving its engine and transmission's service life, and it can navigate most of the solidly built bridges. Two tanks with their crews and all attending equipment can be easily airlifted by the heavy An-124 transport plane.

        The tank is equipped with a 26.5–40 GHz radar that has a range of 100 km, which is mainly used by the active protection system. Up to 40 airborne or 25 ground targets up from 0.3 m in size can be tracked simultaneously. The tracking system provides an automatic firing solution to the destruction of the target, which can be then transferred to either the APS or the main gun control computers. The tank is able to give target designation for artillery and serve in air defence and reconnaissance functions. The T-14 uses highly protected communication channels that connect a group of T-14s and the command post.

        Summing it all up, one should point out that the vehicle has a number of unique features to make it stand out against other tanks in the world. It has a modern armor system, an unmanned turret, and a crew compartment protected from the most common types of enemy fire.

        The Armata Universal Combat Platform consists of the T-14 main battle tank, the T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle and the T-16 armored recovery vehicle, among a host of other vehicles. The flexibility of the Armata platform gives it a good chance on the export market. The T-14 has unlimited potential for modernization, which together with a reasonable production cost, significantly increases its export possibilities. Armata can meet different needs of potential customers, operating across the combat spectrum.

        One more important advantage – the tank will cost a mere 250 million rubles ($3.75 million) when it enters serial production, putting the battle tank in strong position to compete with US and European rivals on the global export market.

        Competitors to Armata, such as the German Leopard 2, the US M1 Abrams, and the British Challenger 2 are estimated to cost anywhere from $6.8 to $8.6 million.

        Egypt, China, India and Iraq are among the potential buyers.

        No doubt, Armata has great future. After all, it is the world leader – the newest and most radical tank design seen in many years. And there is hardly any rival in sight.
        Hayastan or Bust.