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Regional geopolitics

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  • Re: Regional geopolitics

    Can you guys imagine what would happen if we caved in to the west? Did you see how USA stabbed the kurds in the back? That is the exact fate awaiting us if we leave Russia and join the West. I wonder how many such examples people need to finally understand that Armenia does not really have much of a choice. The kurds were used by the USA like a tampon and then discarded bloodied and all. Open your eyes people.
    Hayastan or Bust.

    Comment


    • Re: Regional geopolitics

      Originally posted by Haykakan View Post
      Can you guys imagine what would happen if we caved in to the west? Did you see how USA stabbed the kurds in the back? That is the exact fate awaiting us if we leave Russia and join the West. I wonder how many such examples people need to finally understand that Armenia does not really have much of a choice. The kurds were used by the USA like a tampon and then discarded bloodied and all. Open your eyes people.
      --- used like a tampon --- Too funny.

      SEE the USA STAB kurds in the back.
      The Kurds were the only one to hold the foriegn jehadis from a free romp in certain areas. The USA utilized this to their benifit and were in very close contact with them.
      Look how fast USA sold out the Kurds. The USA elite got no heart.
      Beware.
      HARK

      Comment


      • Re: Regional geopolitics

        http://www.lorientlejour.com/article...aux-turcs.html

        Si Washington faisait faux bond aux Turcs...


        Après avoir engagé une offensive aérienne contre l'État islamique (EI) en Syrie, Ankara a demandé aux États-Unis la création d'une zone de sécurité pour soutenir les forces de l'opposition syrienne modérée. Or l'évolution de la situation sur le terrain laisse soupçonner que le dessein de Washington est tout autre.
        Lina KENNOUCHE | OLJ
        29/07/2015



        Depuis quelques jours, la Turquie propose la mise en place d'une zone de sécurité au nord de la Syrie, qui aurait pour principal objectif d'apporter un soutien aux rebelles « modérés » syriens pour déloger les membres de l'organisation État islamique (EI) le long de la frontière turque. La Turquie, qui a accueilli avec circonspection l'action de la coalition mise sur pied par les États-Unis, a opéré un revirement stratégique à la suite de l'attaque, qui a fait 32 morts le 20 juillet, attribuée à l'EI lors d'un rassemblement prokurde à Suruç, près de la frontière syrienne. Ankara a finalement accepté de mettre à disposition de la coalition ses bases aériennes et a bombardé les cibles de l'EI. Cependant, la déclaration du Premier ministre turc Ahmet Davutoglu sur une convergence américano-turque pour apporter une couverture aérienne aux « forces modérées » en conflit avec l'EI est à prendre avec précaution, car jusque-là rien n'atteste qu'un deal ait été conclu entre les deux pays. La lecture de l'évolution des rapports de force en Syrie porte à croire que les seuls alliés fiables des Américains demeurent les forces kurdes.



        (Lire aussi : La Turquie risque de s'enfoncer plus dans le bourbier syrien)



        Les réserves américaines
        La première raison qui expliquerait la réticence de Washington à donner son feu vert à la Turquie pour la constitution d'une zone de sécurité serait l'absence de forces terrestres modérées du point de vue américain. Le programme d'entraînement de ces forces en Syrie, lancé par le Pentagone avec pour objectif d'augmenter les capacités défensives de l'opposition, de stabiliser les zones sous le contrôle de l'opposition et de combattre l'EI, est toujours au point mort. Des sources sécuritaires avaient déjà fait état, il y a quelques semaines, de l'incapacité à trouver des candidats acceptables dans le cadre de cette mission ; parmi les milliers de candidats proposés par la Turquie, seules quelques centaines n'étaient pas fichées aux États-Unis, et seuls 60 noms ont été retenus. Cette difficulté à recruter des effectifs « modérés » est éloquemment illustrée par la parution dans le quotidien américain Washington Post de la note de Labib Nahas, un dirigeant d'Ahrar-el-Cham, lié à el-Qaëda, qui affirme que « l'extrémisme de l'État islamique ne sera vaincu que par une alternative islamique, sunnite et modérée qui sera choisie par les Syriens et non par la CIA », offrant ainsi indirectement les services de son groupe à l'administration américaine. Le 21 juillet, le Pentagone a également annoncé que le chef du groupe Khorassan, affilié à el-Qaëda, Mohsen al-Fadhli, a été tué dans un bombardement américain début juillet près de Sarmada, dans le nord-ouest de la Syrie. Jusqu'à 7 millions de dollars de récompense avaient été offerts pour sa capture. Dans leur intérêt stratégique, il semble que les Américains aient progressivement misé sur la force kurde ascendante en lieu d'une opposition modérée jusque-là introuvable.



        (Lire aussi : La Turquie bombarde l'EI... mais à ses conditions)



        Le pari kurde en voie de réalisation

        Si des membres de l'EI ont repris lundi soir trois quartiers de la ville kurde syrienne de Aïn el-Arab (Kobané), le rapport de force évoluait jusque-là à la faveur des Kurdes sur le terrain. Les Américains ont donc parié sur la combativité des Kurdes de Syrie du YPG (la branche armée du parti de l'Union démocratique – PYD) qui sont seuls à mener la bataille contre l'EI. L'objectif des Kurdes syriens est de relier les trois cantons du Nord : Djézireh, Tell Abyad et Afrine. Ce dernier se trouve plus à l'ouest ; il nécessite le contrôle du passage de Jerablus, de 60 km de long et 40 km de profondeur, et constitue la dernière étape à la réalisation du projet kurde. De Aïn el-Arab à Afrine, les Kurdes auraient alors la mainmise sur les 900 km de frontière avec la Turquie. Or, d'après nombre d'observateurs, il est peu probable que les unités militaires turques concentrées le long des frontières syriennes interviennent dans la zone de Jerablus-Manbij, contrôlée par l'EI, si les Kurdes atteignent ce passage vital. Face à la faiblesse du régime syrien, avec la garantie que les Turcs n'interviendront pas au sol et bénéficiant de l'appui américain, les Kurdes pourraient bouleverser le rapport de force et aller au-delà du projet d'autoadministration initialement programmé.
        Dans cette configuration, les Turcs deviendraient rapidement les grands perdants. Ils auraient rejoint la coalition sans obtenir la mise en place d'une zone de sécurité, et, comme l'a laissé entendre le patron de la coalition internationale, John Allen, en renonçant à la condition préalable de bombarder le régime de Bachar el-Assad, sans pour autant parvenir à contenir les ambitions kurdes.

        Comment


        • Re: Regional geopolitics

          Originally posted by londontsi View Post
          I agree.
          The protocol is always to provide link to the sources.
          Even more important when provided news is ground shaking.

          If contributors overlook this protocol google can come to the rescue.
          Typically select the first sentence of the article and google search, usually the article will be found.
          Sorry if its too common knowledge.

          Link to the article, its not fake.
          http://awdnews.com/top-news/russian-...ingrad-for-him

          It appears Putin is not prepared to exchange broken Syria with broken Ukraine.
          Historically they were both his !!

          The west broke both and then trying to exchange one with the other as if it was their domain, ( sphere of influence ).

          Syria has a huge geopolitical significance in the energy transportation field.
          Ukraine would collapse without Russian gas.



          .


          Originally posted by Eddo211 View Post
          Haykakan does not break paragraphs and provide links............I am OK with it as long as its not from a blog source.

          He is a good contributor of this forum unlike me.......I just come here for news.

          Aviation questions I will do my best. No link though
          I looked into it, and I don't think this is a legitimate report. No other credible site is reporting anything similar to this. It's probably fake
          <<եթե զենք էլ չլինի' ես քարերով կկրվեմ>>

          Comment


          • Re: Regional geopolitics

            Originally posted by Mher View Post
            I looked into it, and I don't think this is a legitimate report. No other credible site is reporting anything similar to this. It's probably fake
            You could be right.

            This news is apportioned to The Moscow Times.
            Cannot find anything on their web site.

            On the other hand this was a behind closed door exchange.

            I cannot imagine such a leak published in Russia without the editor of the paper held upside-down and shaken until everything drops out of his pockets.

            Without the confirmation of Moscow Times ( unlikely) I would say the jury is out.

            Worth looking for clues in the relations Turkey /Russia and Putin/Erdogan.

            .
            Politics is not about the pursuit of morality nor what's right or wrong
            Its about self interest at personal and national level often at odds with the above.
            Great politicians pursue the National interest and small politicians personal interests

            Comment


            • Re: Regional geopolitics

              interactive map of latest events in Kurdistan, turkish atacks, and kurdish retaliashions, mass arests...

              http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/fr/map/.../37.719/40.858

              Comment


              • Re: Regional geopolitics

                --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                BRITISH SAS SPECIAL FORCES "DRESSED UP AS ISIS REBELS" FIGHTING ASSAD IN SYRIA

                [ Part 2.2: "Attached Text" ]

                By Stephen Lendman

                August 05, 2015 "Information Clearing House" - On August 2, Britain's
                Sunday Express newspaper headlined "SAS dress as ISIS fighters in
                undercover war on jihadis," saying:

                "More than 120 members belonging to the elite regiment are currently
                in the war-torn country" covertly "dressed in black and flying ISIS
                flags," engaged in what's called Operation Shader - attacking Syrian
                targets on the pretext of combatting ISIS.

                Maybe covert US special forces and CIA elements are involved the
                same way. During Obama's war on Libya, Britain deployed hundreds of
                Special Forces Support Group (SFSG) paratroopers - drawn from SAS
                (Special Air Service) and SBS (Special Boat Service) personnel.

                Around 800 Royal Marines and 4,000 US counterparts were on standby
                to intervene on short notice if ordered.

                The latest revelation comes two weeks after learning Prime Minister
                David Cameron last year approved British warplanes joining US ones
                in bombing Syria despite parliamentary rejection in August 2013.

                At least part of its current covert ground operation is under US
                command - so-called "smash" units traveling in pickup trucks able to
                launch mini-UAVs to scan terrain for targets to attack.

                Over 250 UK (and perhaps US) specialists are involved to provide
                communications support, the Sunday Express explained.

                British Defense Secretary Michael Fallon said "(o)ur actions and
                surveillance capabilities are freeing up other countries to strike
                in Syria."

                UK SAS forces are in Saudi Arabia training anti-Assad terrorists
                along with US operatives doing the same thing - including in Turkey,
                Jordan, Qatar and perhaps Israel.

                US and UK claims about training so-called "moderate" rebels reflect
                smoke-screen cover for working directly with ISIS terrorists -
                trained, armed and funded abroad, funneled cross-border into Syria
                to fight Assad, now with US/UK and Canadian air support along with
                covert commandos on the ground.

                The Express cited former British Army General David Richards saying
                "tanks will roll" as part of UK operations in Syria.

                A separate article discussed US airstrikes defending ISIS terrorists
                serving as US foot soldiers against Assad.

                The Wall Street Journal reported what appears ominously like prelude to
                Libya 2.0 - falsely claiming Obama authorized airstrikes against Syrian
                forces if they attack (nonexistent) US-supported "moderate" rebels.

                Separately, Turkish media reported President Recep Tayyip Erdogan
                saying Putin may have softened on Assad. (H)e may give up on" him.

                Obama said he was "encouraged by the fact that Mr. Putin called him
                (in late June) and initiated the call to talk about Syria."

                I think they get a sense that the Assad regime is losing a grip over
                greater and greater swaths of territory inside of Syria and that the
                prospects for a (jihadist) takeover or rout of the Syrian regime is
                not imminent but becomes a greater and greater threat by the day. That
                offers us an opportunity to have a serious conversation with them.

                Putin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said both leaders discussed combatting
                terrorism - especially the Islamic State.

                "The Russian view is well-known," he explained. "(I)t was reiterated by
                (Putin) during (his) conversation" with Obama. It hasn't changed.

                Putin opposes outside interference by any nations in the internal
                affairs of others. He supports the sovereign right of Syrians and
                other people to choose their own leaders and legislators.

                Putin aide Yury Ushakov said "the current leadership of Syria is one
                of the real and effective forces confronting the Islamic State."

                Nothing indicates less Russian support for Assad.

                Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago. He can be reached
                [email protected]. His new book as editor and contributor
                is titled "Flashpoint in Ukraine: US Drive for Hegemony Risks WW
                III."http://www.claritypress.com/LendmanIII.html - Visit his blog
                site atsjlendman.blogspot.com. Listen to cutting-edge discussions
                with distinguished guests on the Progressive Radio News Hour on the
                Progressive Radio Network. It airs three times weekly: live on Sundays
                at 1PM Central time plus two prerecorded archived programs.

                http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/595...ighter-Jihadis

                http://www.informationclearinghouse....ticle42547.htm
                Hayastan or Bust.

                Comment


                • Re: Regional geopolitics

                  US HOLDS SECRET TALKS WITH RUSSIA ON MIDDLE EAST BEHIND EU'S BACK

                  © Sputnik/ Alyan Nazar
                  WORLD
                  18:24 06.08.2015(updated 18:37 06.08.2015) Get short URL
                  289725

                  High-ranking Russian and US military officials are holding "secret
                  negotiations" to reduce tensions between Russia and NATO, Spanish
                  news website Mil21.es reported, citing anonymous European intelligence
                  sources.

                  The secret talks are reportedly taking place with the approval of
                  both the Kremlin and the White House in Northern Europe, Mil21.es said.

                  The negotiations began after Washington allegedly decided to change
                  its strategy towards Moscow, making concessions on Ukraine in exchange
                  for the Kremlin's support of new US geopolitical plans in the Middle
                  East, anonymous sources said.

                  The United States needs Vladimir Putin's support to stop ISIL's
                  expansion in the Middle East and to "make some changes" within the
                  governments of some Persian Gulf states which distanced themselves
                  from the White House following Washington's successful nuclear deal
                  with Iran, Mil21.es said.

                  © REUTERS/ STRINGER ISIL is Secret American Army in Middle East - US
                  Historian According to European intelligence sources, the United States
                  initially supported the ISIL militants in their attempt to overthrow
                  the Syrian government led by Bashar al-Assad. At the same time, ISIL
                  received significant financial support from the Arab states of the
                  Persian Gulf, especially Qatar and Saudi Arabia, as well as logistical
                  support from the Turkish government on the Syrian-Turkish border.

                  However, the situation soon backfired on Washington. The United
                  States became seriously concerned with the events in the Middle East
                  after ISIL announced the creation of the Islamic Caliphate on the
                  territories it had conquered and began to recruit jihadists from all
                  over the world, the Spanish news portal said.

                  US intelligence agencies actively cooperated with their Mossad
                  counterparts in Israel, which allowed them to have a detailed picture
                  of everything that was going on in the Middle East. However, the
                  Iranian nuclear agreement made Israel unhappy, causing a reduction
                  in the exchange of intelligence information between the two countries.

                  Now Washington needs new allies and intelligence sources to keep the
                  situation in the Middle East under control.

                  All of these factors have prompted Washington to reconsider its
                  strategy towards Moscow. By finding a compromise with Putin and
                  obtaining Russian support, the United States now wants to properly
                  address the ongoing crisis in the Middle East, a region Washington
                  considers a lot more important than Ukraine, the Spanish source said.

                  Read more:
                  http://sputniknews.com/world/2015080...#ixzz3i3SeMrEr

                  Comment


                  • Re: Regional geopolitics

                    Ռուսաստանը բոլորին չի վաճառի «Իսկանդեր-Մ», բայց Ադրբեջանին կտա՞
                    Lragir.am
                    09 Օգոստոսի 2015,


                    Թե ինչ կգնի Հայաստանն այն 200 մլն դոլարով, որը Ռուսաստանի կառավարությունը հատկացնելու է Հայաստանին, առայժմ հայտնի չէ: ՀՀ Պաշտպանության նախարարությունը այն գաղտնի ինֆորմացիա է համարում: Սակայն ռուսական մամուլ սպրդեց տեղեկություն, թե բանակցություններ են վարվում Հայաստանի եւ Ռուսաստանի միջեւ՝ գերժամանակակից «Իսկանդեր-Մ» տեսակի հրթիռային համակարգեր գնելու նպատակով՝ Հայաստանի պաշտպանության համակարգի սպառազինության համալրման շրջանակներում: Այս տեղեկությունը չի հերքվել եւ չի հաստատվել երկու երկրների պաշտպանության նախարարությունների կողմից:

                    Ռուսաստանցի ռազմական փորձագետները սակայն կասկածամտություն են հայտնում, որ կստորագրվի նման համաձայնագիր եւ Հայաստանը կդառնա տարածաշրջանում «Իսկանդեր –Մ» ունեցող երկիր:

                    Ռազմական փորձագետ Իգոր Կորոտչենկոն ԳԱԼԱ-ի հետ հարցազրույցում ասել էր. «Իմ կարծիքով, Հայաստանը «Իսկանդեր-Մ» չի ստանա: Այդպիսի հրթիռների ի հայտ գալը Հայաստանում եւ դրա բացակայությունն Ադրբեջանում, հակամարտությունում պրովոկացիոն բնույթի տարրեր կմտցնի, իսկ դա որեւէ մեկին պետք չէ»:

                    Lragir.am-ը կապ է հաստատել ՌԴ Ավիացիոն ոլորտի փորձագետ, տեխնիկական գիտությունների թեկնածու Վադիմ Լուկաշեւիչի հետ: Նախ վերջինս նշեց, որ չի կարող ասել՝ որքանո՞վ են լուրջ այդ խոսակցությունները, որ Ռուսաստանը «Իսկանդեր-Մ» կվաճառի Հայաստանին, բայց վստահ է՝ եթե տեղի ունենա նման բան, դա շատ բան կփոխի տարածաշրջանում:

                    Մեզ հետ զրույցում Վադիմ Լուկաշեւիչն ասաց. «Եթե հրթիռային համակարգերը վաճառվեն, ապա դա հիմնավորապես կփոխի իրավիճակը տարածաշրջանում»: Հստակեցնող հարցին, թե արդոք նկատի ունի հնարավոր պատերազմի վտանգը, Լուկաշեւիչը պատասխանեց՝ պատերազմը ցանկալի չէ:

                    «Սպառազինության տարածաշրջանային մրցավազքում Հայաստանը կասոցացվի որպես ագրեսոր երկիր»,- ընդգծեց Լուկաշեւիչը:

                    Այն դիտարկումներին, թե այդ պարագայում արդյոք Ադրբեջանն այժմ այդ կարգավիճակում չէ՝ հաշվի առնելով իրողությունը, որ վերջին տարիներին Ռուսաստանը ինտենսիվորեն սպառազինություն է մատակարարում Ադրբեջանին, Լուկաշեւիչը չցանկացավ պատասխանել:

                    Ռուսաստանցի ռազմական փորձագետ, հրապարակախոս Վլադիսլավ Շուրիգինը այլ կարծիք ունի: Ըստ փորձագետի, Ռուսաստանը որեւէ խնդիր չունի «Իսկանդեր-Մ» Հայաստանին վաճառելու հարցում, բայց հրթիռային համակարգը կվաճառի միայն մեկ դեպքում. «Իմ կարծիքով, եթե Հայաստանը ի վիճակի կլինի գնել, Ռուսաստանն իհարկե կվաճառի այն: Ոչ մի սահմանափակում «Իսկանդեր-Մ»-ի վաճառքի մասով կարծում եմ չկա եւ չի կարող լինել»,- Lragir.am-ին փոխանցեց Շուրիգինը՝ հավելելով, որ այն մարտավարական հրթիռային համակարգ է, որը առանձնապես մեծ բան չի փոխի հայ-ադրբեջանական հակամարտության գոտում:

                    Հետեւաբար, ըստ ռազմական փորձագետի, զենքի վաճառքը կլինի այն դաշնակցային հարաբերությունների շրջանակներում, որն առկա է Հայաստանի եւ ՌԴ-ի միջեւ:

                    Իսկ ի՞նչ արժե զենքը, որ Վլադիսլավ Շուրիգինը կասկածում է Հայաստանի գնողունակության առումով. «Ես չգիտեմ, գործարքները մշտապես գաղտնի են պահվում: Դա երբեք որեւէ մեկը չի հրապարակայնացնում: Լինում է, որ շատ-շատ թանկ է արժենում, որովհետեւ զենքի արժեքին ավելանում է նաեւ սպասարկման վճարը: Լինում է նաեւ հակառակը՝ վաճառվում է ցածր գնով: Ոչ ոք չգիտի՝ ինչ արժեն հակահրթիռային այդ համակարգերը»,- պատասխանեց Շուրիգինը:

                    Նա համաձայն չէ այն փորձագետների գնահատականների հետ, ովքեր նշում են, թե եթե համաձայնագրով Հայաստանը կարողանա գնել «Իսկանդեր-Մ», դա կարող է պատերազմի վերսկսման վտանգ առաջացնել տարածաշրջանում, կամ Հայաստանը կդիտարկվի որպես ագրեսոր երկիր:

                    «Եթե Հայաստանում հայտնվեն իսկանդերներ, դա պատերազմի վերսկսկման պատճառ չի դառնա, որովհետեւ դա միջուկային զենք չէ, եւ ոչ էլ զանգվածային ոչնչացման զենք է: Ինչպես նշեցի, դա տակտիկական հրթիռային համակարգ է»:

                    Վլադիսլավ Շուրիգինը նաեւ անկեղծացավ՝ այնպես չէ, որ Ռուսաստանը բոլորին կվաճառի «Իսկանդեր-Մ»:

                    «Ռուսաստանը պատրաստ է վաճառել այդ զենքը բոլոր նրանց, որոնց հետ ունի դաշնակցային հարաբերություններ, հետեւաբար այդ զենքի սպառողներն ընդամենը մի քանի երկիր են՝ Սիրիա, Բելոռուս, Վենեսուելա: Ռուսաստանը նրանց վաճառել է Իսկանդեր: Հարցը թերեւս այն է, թե ով է պատրաստ գնել այդ զենքը»:

                    Lragir.am-ի հարցին, թե եթե Ադրբեջանը պատրաստակամություն հայտնի գնել, Ռուսաստանը որպես դաշնակից կվաճառի՞ այդ երկրին, Շուրիգինը նշեց. «Ես չեմ բացառի, որ այս պարագայում Ադրբեջանը կարող է հայտ ներկայացնել՝ այդ զենքը ձեռք բերելու համար»:

                    Թեմայի վերաբերյալ զրուցել ենք նաեւ ԼՂՀ մամլո խոսնակ Դավիթ Բաբայանի հետ, ով անդրադառնալով «Իսկանդեր-Մ» ձեռք բերելու հետ կապված խոսակցություննին հարկ համարեց միայն ընդգծել. «Առանց այդ զենքի էլ, մենք ի վիճակի ենք պաշտպանելու մեր պետության սահմանները»:

                    - See more at: http://www.lragir.am/index/arm/0/pol....v46WOVlQ.dpuf

                    Comment


                    • Re: Regional geopolitics

                      Ukraine crisis: Why a lack of parts has hamstrung Russia's military

                      By Pavel Aksenov
                      BBC Russian
                      8 August 2015



                      A Russian Mi-26 helicopter: Ukraine stopped delivering engines for the military versions
                      Russia's defence firms have been hit not only by Western sanctions but also by a breakdown in business ties with Ukraine.
                      For decades under Soviet rule, Russia's strategic industries had close links with partners in Ukraine, all centrally controlled from Moscow.
                      But relations soured last year, with Ukraine's pivot to the West, Russia's annexation of Crimea and the pro-Russian insurgency in eastern Ukraine.
                      The EU and US banned military exports to Russia, saying Moscow was supplying the insurgents with sophisticated heavy weapons and regular troops. Moscow denied the allegations.

                      Equipment blocked

                      Last month, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin told parliament that Ukrainian components were used in the production of 186 types of Russian military equipment.
                      That is a serious problem, he admitted, and Moscow could resolve it only by 2018.
                      Back in June 2014, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko ordered a halt to military co-operation with Russia - and that has shut down several projects.


                      An-22 - Antonov planes are the transport mainstay of the Russian military
                      Ukraine hosts the design bureau of Antonov military transport planes. The economic freeze has blocked plans to deliver a new heavy transport plane, the An-70. And this month, Russia stopped producing another transport plane - the An-140.
                      In February, Russia closed another programme - Rokot space rockets, which had been putting military satellites into orbit.
                      The Russian navy has suffered too. It was awaiting three Project 22350 frigates (Admiral Gorshkov-class), but they did not arrive because Ukraine did not deliver the turbines for them.

                      Air transport problems

                      Communist-era production cycles involved defence plants in several Soviet republics, but they became independent states when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991.
                      Since then, Russia has become dependent on Western electronic components - especially computers, vital for all modern armies.
                      In a high-profile setback for the Russian navy, France cancelled delivery of two Mistral helicopter carriers. France finally agreed on a compensation deal for Russia this week, after long negotiations.

                      President Vladimir Putin has boosted military spending and accused Nato of trying to weaken Russia
                      Since 1991, Russia's armed forces have continued to rely on Antonov transport planes - the An-26 (for lighter loads), An-12 (medium loads) and An-124 (very heavy loads). For the heaviest cargoes, Russia also has the Ilyushin-76.
                      All Antonov planes have Ukrainian components. Experts say suspension of the An-70 programme will not affect the Russian army much, but the lack of components for An-140 production will be a problem.

                      The Russian air force and navy had already received up to 10 new Antonovs before deliveries stopped.

                      There is an urgent need to replace ageing An-26 planes - production was discontinued in the mid-1980s.
                      Russia could revive plans to build a light cargo plane, the Ilyushin-112, but that means finding reliable Russian replacements for Ukrainian components.
                      "Whatever option it decides to go with, Russia's efforts to revamp its fixed-wing transport capabilities are being affected by the crisis with Ukraine in ways that go beyond the An-140," wrote analyst Gareth Jennings in Jane's Defence Weekly.
                      Rebel tank at ruined Donetsk airport, 9 Jun 15

                      Pro-Russian rebels near Donetsk: Skirmishes continue with Ukrainian government forces
                      Ukraine has also been a key supplier of engine components.

                      In May, the Ukrainian company Motor-Sich stopped deliveries of helicopter engines for combat helicopters, but continued taking orders for civilian helicopters.
                      Mr Rogozin said Russia would strive to integrate engine production for the navy and air force, to reduce costs and move away from reliance on Ukrainian and Western equipment.
                      But a previous Russian attempt to reduce the military's reliance on Ukrainian equipment was only partly successful, Russian military expert Alexander Golts told the BBC.
                      "We can't take Mr Rogozin's statements at face value. We can believe them only when we see the first Russian gas turbines [for the military]," he said.

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